These are 60 Word Lists, Phrases, Flash Card Sets for both the Dolch sight words and the Fry high-frequency words. The Dolch lists are usually categorized by grade level, in decreasing order of frequency, and the Fry Lists are broken down by sets of hundreds by frequency order. Either list set is sufficient for the young reader to learn the most common English words. Sight words are read as whole units with no pauses between sounds. They do not follow spelling rules of spelling or the six syllable types and therefore need to be memorized. High-frequency words are words that also have to be learned, and can be decoded, but they follow rules that a student may not know until after they need to be able to read them.
Here are three activities to use when helping your young reader memorize sight words:
Sight Word Throw – Write ten sight words on index cards. Scatter the cards on the floor. Throw a bean bag on one of the cards. If the child can read and/or spell the word on the card, they get to keep the card. Continue until all cards are gone.
Let’s Go Fishing for Sight Words – Choose ten sight words. Write the sight words on index cards. Place a magnet on one side of the index card. Give the child a fishing pole (a longer stick with a string attached and a magnet at the end is ideal). Let the child “fish” for a card by letting the pole magnet attract to the index card magnet. The child gets to keep the card if he can read and/or spell the word on the card. Make it a game and do it with a friend. Whoever gets the most cards wins.
Exercise with Sight Words – Learn to spell sight words by putting each letter in a word to a movement. For example, use the word “what.” As your child says each letter, have your child clap simultaneously. Get creative with your movements.
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